Tuesday, August 2, 2011

Hearth Insulation

Insulating under your earth oven hearth is a critical step that should never be eliminated. A well insulated oven will heat up faster, retain heat much better and use far less fuel than an uninsulated oven.
You have a number of options for insulating under the hearth, and I'm assuming you have a heat sink under your fire bricks such as a poured 4" concrete slab or 4" thick solid concrete blocks.
The insulation would go under the heat sink, not of top of it.
A real low tech method (promoted by Kiko Denzer) of insulating would be to use sawdust and clay slip. This is not an excellent insulator, but it does work, and the price is great. That means it's generally free.
Going up a notch would be to use perlite or vermiculite mixed with clay slip or Portland cement. Although not free, the price is quite reasonable and perlite and vermiculite are better insulators than sawdust.
Another possibility would be to use foam glass. This has great insulation qualities, but it is expensive. Although used by many professional oven builders, it is not accepted by all. I spoke to one today who told me that he has dismantled some ovens and found the foam glass to have completely disintegrated.
The oven builder who would not sell foam glass does sell a product called Super Isol which also is not cheap, but does have an extremely high insulation value.
Of course, professionals often disagree, but if you're working with a real mason, I would do what he or she recommends. Generally, they have been building ovens for years and have a whole history of experience.
Not being a mason, I have found it quite easy to locate and use perlite or vermiculite as insulation for the ovens I've built.
An oven base filled with 4" of perlite, awaiting solid concrete blocks and fire bricks

Fire bricks sitting on top of solid concrete block that rest on cement board. Underneath the cement board is the perlite.